Progressives in Maltese English: A comparison with spoken and written text types of British and American English

Professorship/Faculty: English and Historical Linguistics  
Authors: Hilbert, Michaela ; Krug, Manfred
Title of the compilation: Mapping unity and diversity world-wide : corpus-based studies of New Englishes
metadata.ubg.editor.articlecollection: ;
Publisher Information: Amsterdam [u.a.] : Benjamins
Year of publication: 2012
Pages / Size: S. 103 - 136
ISBN: 978-90-272-4903-6
Series ; Volume: Varieties of English around the world : G [General series] ; 43
Language(s): English
Document Type: Contribution to an Articlecollection
In investigating progressives in Maltese English we use data from a sub-sample of ICE-Malta and parallel British and American texts, as well as questionnaires
from these countries. Progressives in written Maltese English, with one exception, broadly follow the British exonormative standard. However, substantial differences
are evident in spoken texts, including the extension of progressives to stative
verbs. But the differences cannot generally be explained in terms of overuse and extension. Our data confirm previous comparative studies in that the use of progressives also in Maltese English is subject to text type and formality
considerations. Two additional important factors are language contact (e.g. the
existence of parallel constructions and imperfectives in Maltese) and language-internal constraints (e.g. a cline between dynamic and stative verbs).
Keywords: Maltese English, language contact, progressive, stative verb, English as a Second Language
Release Date: 27. November 2012