Prestigious Building and Urban Development in Ilkhanid Iran : The Rabʿ-i Rashīdī in Tabrīz as an Example of Resilience and Vulnerability in a Long-Term Perspective

Faculty/Professorship: Iranian Studies  ; Islamic Art and Archaeology  
Author(s): Hoffmann, Birgitt ; Korn, Lorenz  ; Lorain, Thomas; Elbers, Jonas; Moeini, Maryam
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2023
Pages: 249-269
Source/Other editions: Coming to terms with the future : concepts of resilience for the study of early Iranian societies / Bernbeck, Reinhard; Eberhardt, Gisela; Pollock, Susan (Hg). - Leiden : Sidestone Press, 2023, S. 249-269. - ISBN: 978-94-6426-145-5
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-590174
The project deals with the original constitution and subsequent transformations of an archaeological site dating from the Ilkhanid (Mongol) period (thirteenth to fourteenth century): the Rabʿ-i Rashīdī of Tabrīz. It was founded as a pious endowment (waqf) by the statesman Rashīd al-Dīn, who embedded his mausoleum into an ensemble of religious, educative and charitable institutions. Extant structures on the site are mainly of later origin (sixteenth to seventeenth century), but excavations have yielded material datable to the founding phase. The article gives an overview of the site and the respective written sources, introduces results of the first phases of fieldwork and an analysis of materials on hydraulic installations. While by the express will of the founder and by its juridical nature the original endowment was conceived as a perpetual institution, the archaeological remnants suggest substantial transformations in later periods. It seems that the site persisted thanks to its natural resources, which were exploited for civil and military purposes.
GND Keywords: Täbris-Rabʿ-i Rašīdī; Waḳf; Architektur; Geschichte
Keywords: Iran, Ilkhanid Period, Tabriz, waqf, archaeology, history of architecture, water installations, fortifications
DDC Classification: 950 History of Asia  
RVK Classification: EV 3135   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Contribution to an Articlecollection
Release Date: 19. April 2023
Project: Auf den Spuren der Mongolen in Iran: Saisonale Wanderrouten und Bautätigkeit

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