The Relation Between Social Identities and Outgroup Hostility Among German Immigrant‐Origin Citizens

Author(s): Hamidou‐Schmidt, Hayfat; Mayer, Sabrina Jasmin  
Title of the Journal: Political psychology : journal of the International Society of Political Psychology
ISSN: 1467-9221, 0162-895X
Publisher Information: Oxford [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 42
Issue: 2
Pages: 311-331
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1111/pops.12700
One of the major drivers of societal conflict are the intergroup relations which rely mainly on social identity and which are rarely analyzed for immigrant groups. This article changes this point of view by investigating the extent to which national, ethnic, and religious identities relate to outgroup hostilities towards the majority of the German population, towards other immigrant groups, and towards Syrian refugees among immigrant-origin citizens. We employ a theoretical framework based on the social identity approach and use new representative survey data from 2017 for Germans of Turkish descent (N = 480) and Russian Germans (N = 471). Based on multivariate linear regression analysis, we show that ethnic identity has the strongest positive relation with outgroup hostilities, with the exception of the Russian-Germans' evaluation of the German majority population. National identity among Germans of Turkish descent lessens their hostility towards other immigrants. Our results show the importance of analyzing immigrant groups with different migration trajectories separately before making generalized claims. Not only are the identity relations different between an ingroup identification and various outgroup targets, but they are also different between the immigrant groups for the same ingroup identification and outgroup target.
GND Keywords: Deutschland; Einwanderer; Soziale Identität; Politische Einstellung; Minderheit
Keywords: social identity, outgroup evaluations, immigrants, Germany, outgroup hostility
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MG 15120   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 13. October 2022