Do party system parameters explain differences in legislative organization? : Fragmentation, polarization, and the density of regulation in European parliaments, 1945–2009

Faculty/Professorship: Empirical Political Science  
Author(s): Sieberer, Ulrich  ; Höhmann, Daniel
Title of the Journal: Party politics : an international journal for the study of political parties and political organizations
ISSN: 1460-3683, 1354-0688
Publisher Information: London [u.a.] : Sage Publ.
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 28
Issue: 4
Pages: 597-610
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1177/13540688211002490
The article studies whether the party system characteristics fragmentation and ideological polarization increase the density of institutional regulation in parliaments. It introduces a comprehensive time-series-cross-sectional dataset of standing orders in 15 Western European parliaments that allows studying how densely various fields of legislative activity such as lawmaking, controlling the government, and creating publicity were regulated over a period of more than 60 years. Descriptively, the data show increased regulation in all areas but also some variation between countries. Dynamic panel regression analyses for non-stationary time series find no systematic effect of fragmentation or polarization on the density of regulation indicating that large parts of legislative organization change for reasons unrelated to party system dynamics. We identify changes in the environment of legislatures such as increasing complexity and professionalization of politics, technological change, and Europeanization as potential drivers of such Pareto-efficient reforms.
GND Keywords: Westeuropa; Parlament; Arbeitsweise; Parteiensystem; Geschichte 1945-2009
Keywords: legislative organization, parliamentary rules, party systems,, polarization, Western Europe
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MG 11550   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 14. July 2022