Implicit approach-avoidance tendencies toward food and body stimuli absent in individuals with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and healthy controls
|Faculty/Professorship:||Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy|
|Author(s):||Kollei, Ines ; Leins, Judith ; Rinck, Mike; Waldorf, Manual; Kuhn, Melanie; Rauh, Elisabeth; Steins-Löber, Sabine|
|Title of the Journal:||The International journal of eating disorders|
|Publisher Information:||New York, NY, US : Wiley|
|Year of publication:||2021|
Body and food-related information are thought to activate cognitive biases and contribute to the maintenance of eating disorders (ED). Approach-avoidance biases may play an important role in the maintenance of dietary restriction and excessive food intake. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine approach-avoidance biases toward food and body stimuli in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and healthy controls (HC).
The study included 42 individuals with AN, 24 individuals with BN, and 38 HCs. We used two implicit Approach-Avoidance Tasks (AAT) to assess approach-avoidance biases: participants completed a Food-AAT (high-calorie vs. low-calorie food) and a Body-AAT (thin vs. normal weight bodies). Additionally, explicit ratings of food and body stimuli were assessed.
There were no significant Group × Stimulus × Direction interactions in the implicit Food-AAT or implicit Body-AAT. In explicit ratings, individuals with AN and BN reported less urge to eat and more regret if they ate high-calorie and low-calorie food; individuals with AN and BN rated normal weight bodies as less normal weight, less attractive and less desirable than HCs. There were no group differences in explicit ratings of the thin body.
We did not find evidence for biased approach-avoidance tendencies toward food or body stimuli in individuals with AN or BN. Future studies are necessary to understand conflicting findings regarding approach-avoidance biases toward food and body stimuli in individuals with ED.
|GND Keywords:||Anorexia nervosa; Bulimie; Essstörung|
|Keywords:||anorexia nervosa, approach-avoidance, body, bulimia nervosa, food|
|DDC Classification:||150 Psychology|
|RVK Classification:||CU 3400|
|Release Date:||4. July 2022|
originated at the
University of Bamberg
University of Bamberg