The Effect of Induced Optimism on Situational Pain Catastrophizing





Faculty/Professorship: Physiological Psychology  
Author(s): Günther, Johanna ; Peters, Madelon L; Lautenbacher, Stefan
By: Basten-Günther, Johanna; ...
Title of the Journal: Frontiers in Psychology / Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1664-1078
Publisher Information: Lausanne : Frontiers Research Foundation
Year of publication: 2022
Pages: 1-11
Language(s): German
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.900290
Abstract: 
Background: There is broad evidence that optimism is associated with less pain, while pain catastrophizing leads to increased pain. The aim of this study was to examine whether experimentally induced optimism can reduce situational pain catastrophizing and whether this relation is moderated by dispositional optimism and/or dispositional pain catastrophizing.
Methods: Situational pain catastrophizing during two thermal stimulations was measured in 40 healthy participants with the Situational Catastrophizing Questionnaire (SCQ). Between the two stimulations, the Best Possible Self (BPS) imagery and writing task was performed to induce situational optimism in the experimental group while the control group wrote about their typical day. Questionnaires were administered to assess dispositional optimism [Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)] and dispositional pain catastrophizing [Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)].
Results: There was a significant interaction between the optimism induction and trait pain catastrophizing: the association of trait pain catastrophizing with state pain catastrophizing was weakened after the optimism induction. No overall effect of induced optimism on situational pain catastrophizing and no significant moderating influence of trait optimism were found.
Conclusion: The state optimism induction apparently counteracted the manifestation of dispositional pain catastrophizing as situational pain catastrophizing. This implies that high trait pain catastrophizers may have especially benefitted from the optimism induction, which is in line with resilience models stressing the buffering role of optimism.
GND Keywords: Schmerz; Resilienz; Optimismus
Keywords: pain, pain catastrophizing, optimism, resilience
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: YI 5793   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/54304
Release Date: 4. July 2022