Between desirability and reality : conceptualization, measurement, causes, and consequences of overemployment

Faculty/Professorship: University of Bamberg  ; Fakultät Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften: Abschlussarbeiten 
Author(s): Hiemer, Julia
Publisher Information: Bamberg : University of Bamberg Press
Year of publication: 2022
Pages: 293 ; Illustrationen
ISBN: 978-3-86309-856-8
Series ; Volume: Personalmanagement und Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie ; 1 
Supervisor(s): Andresen, Maike  ; Heineck, Guido  
Source/Other editions: Parallel erschienen als Druckausgabe in der University of Bamberg Press, 2022 (24,00 EUR)
Language(s): English
Kumulative Dissertation, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, 2021
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DOI: 10.20378/irb-53565
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-535654
Overemployment, i.e., the preference for fewer work hours, is a widespread phenomenon in western societies, which may have negative consequences for individual well-being and organizational functioning. Previously overemployment has been defi ned from an economic perspective mainly as a time-money trade-off problem. This work is the first to adopt a psychological and subjectivist view on overemployment. Over three research projects a theory of overemployment, its causes and consequences is constructed and tested. In addition, a multidimensional overemployment scale is developed and initially validated. The three research projects include: fi rst, a review on overemployment conceptualizations and measurements; second, a Grounded Theory interview study with the aim to develop a theory on overemployment, its causes, and consequences; and third, a scale development study comprising over 1,400 participants over 4 studies. The importance of overemployment for individual well-being (e.g., burnout, job satisfaction), as well as for organizational variables (e.g., commitment, turnover intention) is shown. Overemployment is found to be a multidimensional construct consisting of three dimensions: length, density, and distribution of work time. The developed theory and scale will allow future researchers to analyze overemployment in more detail. The work offers interesting insights for HR and management practitioners when it comes to creating attractive working conditions.
GND Keywords: Überbeschäftigung; Arbeitsbedingungen; Arbeitszufriedenheit; Wohlbefinden; Personalpolitik
Keywords: Overemployment, work time, scale development, well-being, job attitudes, work behavior
DDC Classification: 650 Management & public relations  
RVK Classification: QV 578   
Type: Doctoralthesis
Release Date: 19. August 2022

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