When Do Men Represent Women’s Interests in Parliament? : How the Presence of Women in Parliament Affects the Legislative Behavior of Male Politicians





Faculty/Professorship: Empirical Political Science  
Author(s): Höhmann, Daniel
Title of the Journal: Swiss Political Science Review
ISSN: 1662-6370, 1424-7755
Publisher Information: Hoboken, NJ [u.a.] : Wiley
Year of publication: 2020
Volume: 26
Issue: 1
Pages: 31-50
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1111/spsr.12392
Abstract: 
This paper analyzes the conditions affecting male Members of Parliaments’ (MPs) proclivity for representing women’s interests. It particularly explores whether the presence of female MPs has an effect on men’s parliamentary behavior. Three contrasting effects are discussed in the literature: (1) A spillover effect which postulates that men will become more likely to act on behalf of women if the number of female MPs increases, (2) a group-threat effect which creates a hostile backlash among male MPs, or (3) a specialization effect which makes male MPs less likely to represent women because this is typically seen as a function that should be fulfilled by female MPs. Empirically, this paper analyzes the representation of women’s issues in parliamentary questions tabled in the German Bundestag (1998-2013) by using automated content analysis. The results support the specialization hypothesis and show that male MPs reduce their intensity of women’s representation if the proportion of female MPs is high.
GND Keywords: Deutschland. Deutscher Bundestag; Abgeordneter; Repräsentation <Politik>; Frau; Geschichte 1998-2013
Keywords: representation, gender, women’s interests, male MPs, parliamentary questions
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MG 15540   
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/53478
Release Date: 4. March 2022