Flexible Forms of Contracts : Transactions through Fictitious Settlements (ṣulḥ/muṣālaḥa) in Iran




Faculty/Professorship: Iranian Studies  
Author(s): Werner, Christoph U.  
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2022
Pages: 864-893
Source/Other editions: Journal of the economic and social history of the Orient : JESHO = Journal d'histoire économique et sociale de l'Orient 64 (2021), 5-6, S. 864-893, ISSN 1568-5209
is version of: 10.1163/15685209-12341555
Year of first publication: 2021
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-522891
Abstract: 
In the second half of the nineteenth century, practitioners of law in Iran were looking for more flexibility in contractual forms, especially those used to conclude routine transactions of properties and services. They increasingly made use of a type of contract named muṣālaḥa-nāma, derived from the legal concept of ṣulḥ and defined primarily as a means to arrange the amicable settlement of disputes. The present contribution attempts to categorise the kind of transactions for which this universal contractual type could be employed and raises the question what advantages such a “new” contractual form might have entailed.
GND Keywords: Iran; Islamisches Recht; Vertrag; Konfliktlösung; Geschichte 1850-1900
Keywords: Qajar Iran – settlement & composition – Islamic Shiite law – contracts – muṣālaḥa
DDC Classification: 950 History of Asia  
RVK Classification: PU 9460     EH 5390   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/52289
Release Date: 15. March 2022

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