Challenging response latencies in faking detection : The case of few items and no warnings

Faculty/Professorship: Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Author(s): Röhner, Jessica ; Holden, Ronald R.
Title of the Journal: Behavior Research Methods
ISSN: 1554-3528
Corporate Body: Psychonomic Society
Publisher Information: New York, NY : Springer
Year of publication: 2022
Volume: 54
Issue: 1
Pages: 324–333
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.3758/s13428-021-01636-z
Faking detection is an ongoing challenge in psychological assessment. A notable approach for detecting fakers involves the inspection of response latencies and is based on the congruence model of faking. According to this model, respondents who fake good will provide favorable responses (i.e., congruent answers) faster than they provide unfavorable (i.e., incongruent) responses. Although the model has been validated in various experimental faking studies, to date, research supporting the congruence model has focused on scales with large numbers of items. Furthermore, in this previous research, fakers have usually been warned that faking could be detected. In view of the trend to use increasingly shorter scales in assessment, it becomes important to investigate whether the congruence model also applies to self-report measures with small numbers of items. In addition, it is unclear whether warning participants about faking detection is necessary for a successful application of the congruence model. To address these issues, we reanalyzed data sets of two studies that investigated faking good and faking bad on extraversion (n = 255) and need for cognition (n = 146) scales. Reanalyses demonstrated that having only a few items per scale and not warning participants represent a challenge for the congruence model. The congruence model of faking was only partly confirmed under such conditions. Although faking good on extraversion was associated with the expected longer latencies for incongruent answers, all other conditions remained nonsignificant. Thus, properties of the measurement and properties of the procedure affect the successful application of the congruence model.
GND Keywords: Psychologische Diagnostik; Response-Zeit; Angabefehler; Kongruenztheorie
Keywords: Congruence model of faking, Faking detection, Response times, Self-report measures
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CS 9500   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 29. June 2021