Careers in context : an international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career‐related human potential and proactive career behaviour

Faculty/Professorship: Human Resource Management and Organisational Behaviour  
Author(s): Andresen, Maike  ; Apospori, Eleni; Gunz, Hugh; Suzanne, Pamela Agata; Taniguchi, Mami; Lysova, Evgenia I.; Adeleye, Ifedapo; Babalola, Olusegun; Bagdadli, Silvia; Bakuwa, Rhoda; Bogićević Milikić, Biljana; Bosak, Janine; Briscoe, Jon P.; Cha, Jong‐Seok; Chudzikowski, Katharina; Cotton, Richard; Dello Russo, Silvia; Dickmann, Michael; Dries, Nicky; Dysvik, Anders; Eggenhofer-Rehart, Petra M.; Fei, Zhangfeng; Ferencikova, Sonia; Gianecchini, Martina; Gubler, Martin; Hackett, Denisa; Hall, Douglas Tim; Jepsen, Denise; Çakmak‐Otluoğlu, Kadriye Övgü; Kaše, Robert; Khapova, Svetlana; Kim, Najung; Lazarova, Mila; Lehmann, Philip; Madero, Sergio; Mandel, Debbie; Mayrhofer, Wolfgang; Mishra, Sushanta Kumar; Naito, Chikae; Nikodijević, Ana D.; Parry, Emma; Reichel, Astrid; Rozo Posada, Paula Liliana; Saher, Noreen; Saxena, Richa; Schleicher, Nanni; Shen, Yan; Schramm, Florian; Smale, Adam; Unite, Julie A.; Verbruggen, Marijke; Zikic, Jelena
Title of the Journal: Human Resource Management Journal
ISSN: 0954-5395
Publisher Information: Oxford : Blackwell
Year of publication: 2019
Issue: First published: 12 November 2019
Pages: 365-391
Language(s): English
Online Version of Record before inclusion in an issue,
later included in issue 30(2020), 3
DOI: 10.1111/1748-8583.12247
Careers exist in a societal context that offers both constraints and opportunities for career actors. Whereas most studies focus on proximal individual and/or organisationallevel variables, we provide insights into how career goals and behaviours are understood and embedded in the more distal societal context. More specifically, we operationalise societal context using the career-related human potential composite and aim to understand if and why career goals and behaviours vary between countries. Drawing on a model of career structuration and using multilevel mediation modelling, we draw on a survey of 17,986 employees from 27 countries, covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters, and national statistical data to examine the relationship between societal context (macrostructure building the career-opportunity structure) and actors' career goals (career mesostructure) and career behaviour (actions). We show that societal context in terms of societies' careerrelated human potential composite is negatively associated with the importance given to financial achievements as a specific career mesostructure in a society that is positively related to individuals' proactive career behaviour. Our career mesostructure fully mediates the relationship between societal context and individuals' proactive career behaviour. In this way, we expand career theory's scope beyond occupation- and organisation-related factors.
GND Keywords: Karriere; Karriereplanung; Internationaler Vergleich
Keywords: career mesostructure, career-related human potential, careers, importance of financial achievements, model of career structuration, proactive career behaviour, societal context
DDC Classification: 650 Management & public relations  
RVK Classification: QB 200     QV 578   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 22. November 2019
Project: Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers