Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success : The moderating role of national culture

Faculty/Professorship: Human Resource Management and Organisational Behaviour  
Author(s): Smale, Adam; Bagdadli, Silvia; Cotton, Rick; Dello Russo, Silvia; Dickmann, Michael; Dysvik, Anders; Gianecchini, Martina; Kaše, Robert; Lazarova, Mila; Reichel, Astrid; Rozo, Paula; Verbruggen, Marijke; Andresen, Maike  
Title of the Journal: Journal of organizational behavior : OB ; the internat. journal of industrial, occupational and organizational psychology and behavior
ISSN: 1099-1379
Publisher Information: Chichester, Sussex : Wiley
Year of publication: 2019
Issue: 40 (2019), 1, Special Issue: New Directions for Exploring the Consequences of Proactive Behaviors
Pages: 105-122
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1002/job.2316
Although career proactivity has positive consequences for an individual's career success, studies mostly examine objective measures of success within single countries. This raises important questions about whether proactivity is equally beneficial for different aspects of subjective career success, and the extent to which these benefits extend across cultures. Drawing on Social Information Processing theory, we examined the relationship between proactive career behaviors and two aspects of subjective career success—financial success and work‐life balance—and the moderating role of national culture. We tested our hypotheses using multilevel analyses on a large‐scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22 countries covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters. Although we found that proactive career behaviors were positively related to subjective financial success, this relationship was not significant for work‐life balance. Furthermore, career proactivity was relatively more important for subjective financial success in cultures with high in‐group collectivism, high power distance, and low uncertainty avoidance. For work‐life balance, career proactivity was relatively more important in cultures characterized by high in‐group collectivism and humane orientation. Our findings underline the need to treat subjective career success as a multidimensional construct and highlight the complex role of national culture in shaping the outcomes of career proactivity.
GND Keywords: Karriereplanung; Berufserfolg; Work-Life-Balance; Interkulturelles Management; Internationaler Vergleich
Keywords: Career Success, National Culture, Career Self Management, Proactive Career Behaviors
DDC Classification: 650 Management & public relations  
RVK Classification: QV 578   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
Year of publication: 25. January 2019
Project: Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers