New evidence on the construct validity of the ASI-3 and the dimensional conceptualization of trait anxiety sensitivity from IRT modeling
Kemper, Christoph; Hock, Michael (2017): „New evidence on the construct validity of the ASI-3 and the dimensional conceptualization of trait anxiety sensitivity from IRT modeling“. Göttingen: Hogrefe & Huber doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000284.
Title of the Journal:
European journal of psychological assessment : EJPA ; official organ of the European Association of Psychological Assessment (EAPA)
Year of publication:
Anxiety Sensitivity (AS) denotes the tendency to fear anxiety-related sensations. Trait AS is an established risk factor for anxiety pathology. The Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) is a widely used measure of AS and its three most robust dimensions with well-established construct validity. At present, the dimensional conceptualization of AS, and thus, the construct validity of the ASI-3 is challenged. A latent class structure with two distinct and qualitatively different forms, an adaptive form (normative AS) and a maladaptive form (AS taxon, predisposing for anxiety pathology) was postulated. Item Response Theory (IRT) models were applied to item-level data of the ASI-3 in an attempt to replicate previous findings in a large nonclinical sample (N = 2,603) and to examine possible interpretations for the latent discontinuity observed. Two latent classes with a pattern of distinct responses to ASI-3 items were found. However, classes were indicative of participant’s differential use of the response scale (midpoint and extreme response style) rather than differing in AS content (adaptive and maladaptive AS forms). A dimensional structure of AS and the construct validity of the ASI-3 was supported.
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December 20, 2016