Is binge drinking in young adults associated with an alcohol-specific impairment of response inhibition?

Faculty/Professorship: Music Pedagogy and Music Didactics  ; Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy  
Author(s): Zimmermann, Peter ; Steins-Löber, Sabine  ; Czapla, Marta; Simon, Joe J.; Friederich, Hans-Christoph; Herpertz, Sabine
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2023
Pages: 105-113
Source/Other editions: European addiction research : the interdisciplinary journal for research, treatment, prevention and health policy, 21 (2015), 2, S. 105-113. - ISSN: 1421-9891
is version of: 10.1159/000367939
Year of first publication: 2015
Language(s): English
Licence: German Act on Copyright 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-587235
Background/Aims: Little is known about the association of binge drinking with impulsivity related to trait- or state-like aspects of behavior. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate whether binge drinkers show an impairment of inhibitory control in comparison to non-binge drinkers when confronted with alcohol-associated or control stimuli, and whether this is reflected in self-reported impulsivity. Methods: A go/no-go task with pictures of alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages as well as control stimuli was administered to binge drinkers and a gender-matched group of non-binge drinkers. All participants also completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11). Results: We found an alcohol-specific impairment of response inhibition for binge drinkers only, while the groups did not differ with regard to overall response inhibition to the experimental stimuli or self-reported impulsiveness (BIS-11). In addition, the number of commission errors in response to alcohol-associated stimuli was the only significant predictor of binge drinking. Conclusion: The findings of the present study suggest that when young adults have established binge drinking as a common drinking pattern, impairment of inhibition in response to alcoholic stimuli is the only significant predictor of binge drinking, but not general impulsive behavior.
GND Keywords: Erwachsener <18-30 Jahre>; Alkoholrausch; Impulsivität
Keywords: Addiction, Binge drinking, Impulsivity, Inhibitory control
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CW 6940   
Type: Article
Release Date: 30. March 2023

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