When less time is preferred : an analysis of the conceptualization and measurement of overemployment
Andresen, Maike; Hiemer, Julia (2023): „When less time is preferred : an analysis of the conceptualization and measurement of overemployment“. Bamberg: Otto-Friedrich-Universität.
Year of publication:
Time & Society, 29 (2020), 1, S. 74-102. - ISSN: 1461-7463
Year of first publication:
Socioeconomic panel data indicate that numerous employees would prefer to work less, i.e. that they are overemployed. However, due to inconsistent definitions and divergent operationalizations of overemployment, integrating existing research results is challenging and implications for research and practice are difficult to draw. To advance research in this field, we present an analysis of the concept and measurement of overemployment. To analyze the concept, we proceed in two steps. In step 1, we present the range of overemployment definitions in the literature and systematize the similarities and differences in these previous conceptualizations with the aim of arriving at an adequate definition of “overemployment.” In step 2, in view of the partial overlap between existing definitions of overemployment and other concepts used in past research, we demarcate overemployment from related concepts, identify conceptual distinctions between overemployment and other concepts and explore connections between concepts. To analyze the measurement of overemployment, we look at the bandwidth of content, measurement levels and question wording in overemployment measures and discuss the consequences of the different measures used for the overemployment rates found. We then present a consistent approach towards conceptualizing and measuring overemployment which aids future research on overemployment and similar concepts.
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work hours mismatch
work status incongruence
March 30, 2023