Training Early Literacy Related Skills : To Which Degree Does a Musical Training Contribute to Phonological Awareness Development?

Faculty/Professorship: Longitudinal Educational Research  
Author(s): Artelt, Cordula  ; Kempert, Sebastian; Götz, Regina; Blatter, Kristine; Tibken, Catharina; Schneider, Wolfgang; Stanat, Petra
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2023
Pages: 1-16
Source/Other editions: Frontiers in Psychology, 9 (2016), S. 1-16. - ISSN: 1664-1078
is version of: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01803
Year of first publication: 2016
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-586938
Well-developed phonological awareness skills are a core prerequisite for early literacy development. Although effective phonological awareness training programs exist, children at risk often do not reach similar levels of phonological awareness after the intervention as children with normally developed skills. Based on theoretical considerations and first promising results the present study explores effects of an early musical training in combination with a conventional phonological training in children with weak phonological awareness skills. Using a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design and measurements across a period of 2 years, we tested the effects of two interventions: a consecutive combination of a musical and a phonological training and a phonological training alone. The design made it possible to disentangle effects of the musical training alone as well the effects of its combination with the phonological training. The outcome measures of these groups were compared with the control group with multivariate analyses, controlling for a number of background variables. The sample included N = 424 German-speaking children aged 4–5 years at the beginning of the study. We found a positive relationship between musical abilities and phonological awareness. Yet, whereas the well-established phonological training produced the expected effects, adding a musical training did not contribute significantly to phonological awareness development. Training effects were partly dependent on the initial level of phonological awareness. Possible reasons for the lack of training effects in the musical part of the combination condition as well as practical implications for early literacy education are discussed.
GND Keywords: Vorschulkind; Musikerziehung; Phonologische Bewusstheit
Keywords: phonological awareness, musical training, phonological training, preschool children, early literacy
DDC Classification: 370 Education  
RVK Classification: DG 9000   
Type: Article
Release Date: 14. April 2023

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