The role of emotion and reflection in the development of student teachers’ self-efficacy when analyzing video lessons

Faculty/Professorship: Evaluation in Teacher Education  
Author(s): Schlosser, Anne  ; Paetsch, Jennifer  
Title of the Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
Corporate Body: Frontiers Research Foundation
Publisher Information: Lausanne
Year of publication: 2023
Volume: 14
Pages: 1-11
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1080883

Teachers’ self-efficacy is an important indicator of student teachers’ preparedness for teaching. Interventions using video lessons are effective in increasing student teachers’ self-efficacy. However, there is a lack of research on emotional and reflective processes in the context of video-based interventions.


The present study examined emotions and reflection as well as their effects on changes in self-efficacy in a video-based intervention. A total of 159 student teachers participated in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to three groups: Two groups analyzed video lessons in which group roup one received open-ended observation tasks (ig1) and group two received structured observation tasks (ig2). Participants in the control group (cg) analyzed text-based case studies with open-ended observation tasks.


The results show that self-efficacy increased with medium effect size (d = 0.68) in video group two (ig2), whose members analyzed videos using structured observation tasks but not in video group one (ig1), whose members analyzed open-ended observation tasks, and in the control group. In addition, there were significant relations between positive arousal and reflection. Finally, regression analyses showed that reflection was a significant predictor for changes in self-efficacy, whereas no significant effect of emotional arousal was detected.


In conclusion, the findings of this study indicate that video-based interventions with structured observation tasks increased self-efficacy among student teachers. Furthermore, the findings provide novel evidence on the association between reflection, self-efficacy and emotion in video-based interventions in teacher education.
GND Keywords: Lehrerbildung
Keywords: self-efficacy, emotion, emotional arousal, reflection, teacher education, video lessons
DDC Classification: 370 Education  
RVK Classification: DN 7001   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 8. February 2023
Project: Teilprojekt Evaluation DiKuLe