Pilot testing of an adaptive, individualized inhibitory control training for binge drinking : first evidence on feasibility, acceptance, and efficacy




Faculty/Professorship: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy  
Author(s): Reichl, Daniela  ; Enewoldsen, Niklas ; Müller, Astrid; Steins-Löber, Sabine  
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2022
Pages: 1-17
Source/Other editions: Psychological Research : an international journal of perception, attention, memory, and action = Psychologische Forschung. (2022), S. 1-17
is version of: 10.1007/s00426-022-01725-4
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-558702
Abstract: 
Background: Defcits in inhibitory control seem to promote habit behavior and therefore play an important role in the development and maintenance of addictive diseases. Although several training approaches have been suggested, there is a considerable lack of knowledge about the best way to improve inhibitory control. Based on a literature review regarding shortcomings of existing trainings, an individualized, adaptive inhibitory control training was developed. We aimed to assess feasibility and acceptance of this training and to provide preliminary results on its efcacy regarding inhibitory control and binge drinking.
Methods: Sixty-one individuals (30 female) with binge drinking behavior were randomly allocated to either an experimental group receiving three sessions of the inhibitory control training or a waitlist control group receiving no training. Before and after the training, the participants performed a Go/NoGo task to assess inhibitory control (commission errors and false reaction time), completed a questionnaire on drinking-related self-control, and reported drinking behavior.
Results: Although the training was feasible and accepted by participants, it did not afect self-control over drinking, inhibitory control or drinking behavior. The relationship between session number and false reaction time was linear for alcohol stimuli, but squared for neutral stimuli.
Conclusion: Although our fndings have to be interpreted in the light of some shortcomings, they demonstrate that further research is needed to enhance our understanding of how to improve inhibitory control and which factors might moderate
this process.
GND Keywords: Alkoholmissbrauch; Therapie
Keywords: binge drinking, inhibitory control training, Go/NoGo task, alocohl use disorder, habit behaviour
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: YH 2900   
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/55870
Release Date: 6. December 2022

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