Modal verbs of strong obligation in Scottish Standard English

Faculty/Professorship: English and Historical Linguistics  
Author(s): Schützler, Ole ; Herzky, Jenny
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2022
Pages: 133-159
Source/Other editions: English Language and Linguistics, 26 (2021), 1, S. 133-159 - ISSN: 1469-4379
is version of: 10.1017/S1360674321000071
Year of first publication: 2021
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-548596
This article investigates differences between Scottish Standard English (SSE) and Southern British Standard English (SBSE) in the semantic domain of strong obligation. Focusing on the modal verbs must, have to, need to and (have) got to, we use new corpus material from nineteen written and spoken genres in the Scottish component of the International Corpus of English (ICE-SCO) and corresponding texts from ICE-GB. Data are analysed using a mixed-effect multinomial regression model to predict the choice of verb. Language-internal factors include mode of production (written/spoken), grammatical subject (first/second/third person) and source of obligation (objective/subjective). Our results show that, as previous research suggests, SSE is much more likely to employ need to for the expression of strong obligation, and less likely to employ must and (have) got to. This general pattern remains essentially unaffected by language-internal factors. To account for our findings, we draw on the sociologically motivated process of democratisation and the language-internal process of grammaticalisation.
GND Keywords: Modalverb; Schottisch; Linguistik
Keywords: modal verbs, strong obligation, grammaticalisation,, democratisation, Scottish Standard English
DDC Classification: 420 English  
RVK Classification: HF 310   
Type: Article
Release Date: 12. August 2022

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