Positive Psychological Coaching Tools and Techniques : A Systematic Review and Classification

Faculty/Professorship: Work and Organisational Psychology  
Author(s): Richter-Killenberg, Stefanie  ; Zyl, Llewellyn E. van; Roll, Lara C.; Stander, Marius W.
By: Richter, Stefanie ; ...
Title of the Journal: Frontiers in psychiatry
ISSN: 1664-0640
Corporate Body: Frontiers Research Foundation
Publisher Information: Lausanne
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 12
Pages: 19
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.667200
Positive psychological coaching (PPC) has emerged as a popular “paradigm” for practitioners interested in the professional development of people. A recent review consolidated the literature on PPC and produced a 5-phase positive psychological coaching model aimed at facilitating professional growth. However, little is known about practically operationalizing each phase of the coaching process (i.e., how to facilitate each phase and which underlying tools and techniques could be employed to do so). As such, the purpose of this systematic review was to address this limitation by (a) determining which coaching tools and techniques are proposed within the coaching literature and (b) classifying the identified tools and techniques into the respective phases of PPC model. The investigation used a two-step approach by conducting a systematic literature review (to identify various PPC tools/techniques) followed by an iterative heuristic classification process (to assign these PPC tools/techniques to a known PPC model). The systematic literature review resulted in 24 peer-reviewed publications on positive psychological coaching, providing 117 different coaching tools that could be condensed into 18 overarching coaching techniques. The iterative classification process showed that most techniques and tools are useful in at least two phases. Interestingly, experts still vary in opinion on the timing and application of these specific techniques and tools within the positive psychological coaching process. This study provides researchers and practitioners with practical guidelines to facilitate a positive psychological coaching process.
GND Keywords: Coaching; Positive Psychologie
Keywords: positive psychological coaching, positive psychological tools, positive psychological techniques, positive psychological interventions, strengths based coaching
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CU 7000   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/54831
Release Date: 26. July 2022