Profiles of competence development in mathematics and reading in early secondary education

Faculty/Professorship: Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi) 
Author(s): Freund, Micha-Josia; Gnambs, Timo  ; Lockl, Kathrin  ; Wolter, Ilka  
Title of the Journal: European Journal of Psychology of Education : EJPE
ISSN: 1878-5174, 0256-2928
Publisher Information: Dordrecht [u.a.] : Springer Netherlands
Year of publication: 2021
Pages: 20
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1007/s10212-021-00591-9
This article examines the development of reading and mathematical competence in early secondary education and aims at identifying distinct profiles of competence development. Since reading and mathematical competences are highly correlated both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, we expected to find a generalized profile of competence development with students developing parallel in reading and mathematical competences. Moreover, previous research confirmed individuals’ specific focus on one of the two domains, for example, in their interest, self-concept, or motivation. Also, differences in competence levels between both domains were found in cross-sectional studies. Therefore, we hypothesized that additional to the generalized profile, there are specialized profiles of competence development with students developing distinctively faster in one of the two domains. To identify both types of profiles, latent growth mixture modeling was used on a sample of 5,301 students entering secondary education from the German National Educational Panel Study. To demonstrate the robustness of the results, these analyses were repeated using different model specifications and subgroups with higher homogeneity (with students belonging to the highest track, i.e., “Gymnasium”). The results indicate only small to non-existent specialized profiles of competence development in all conditions. This finding of roughly parallel development of reading and mathematical competences throughout early secondary education indicates that potential specializations are less important at this point in students’ educational careers.
GND Keywords: Kognitive Entwicklung; Kognitive Kompetenz; Lesekompetenz; Mathematik; Fähigkeit
Keywords: Competence development, Reading competence, Mathematical competence, Competence profiles, Latent growth modeling, Mixture modeling
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CQ 2000   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 30. June 2022