Pleasant Anticipation of an After-Work Free-Time Activity and Work Engagement : Findings from Two Studies

Faculty/Professorship: University of Bamberg  ; Work and Organisational Psychology  
Author(s): Seibel, Sebastian ; Volmer, Judith  ; Schmitt, Antje
Title of the Journal: Leisure sciences : an interdisciplinary journal
ISSN: 1521-0588, 0149-0400
Publisher Information: London : Routledge
Year of publication: 2022
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2022.2074586
Previous research has shown that after-work free-time activities can enhance employees’ work engagement and positively affect their general well-being and health. This study investigates whether the anticipation of an after-work free-time activity boosts employees’ work engagement. Building on the conservation of resources (COR) theory, we assumed that employees’ pleasant anticipation of an after-work free-time activity positively relates to work engagement within and between persons. Furthermore, we examined the moderating role of recovery-related self-efficacy (RRSE). In Study 1, 85 employees completed three questionnaires (morning, noon, and afternoon) on one workday, and we expanded the design to a one-week diary in Study 2 (N ¼ 56). Findings from (hierarchical) linear modeling supported the positive relationship between pleasant anticipation and work engagement between but not within persons. Moreover, RRSE was not found to be a moderator. Overall, our study demonstrated that employees vary in their pleasant anticipation, partly explaining differences in work engagement.
Keywords: Conservation of resources theory, free-time activities, pleasant anticipation, recovery-related self- efficacy, work engagement
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 3. June 2022