In search of quality and equity : the United Kingdom and Germany in the struggle for PISA scores





Faculty/Professorship: Sociological Theory  
Author(s): Münch, Richard ; Wieczorek, Oliver  
Title of the Journal: International Journal of Educational Research Open
ISSN: 2666-3740
Publisher Information: Elsevier
Year of publication: 2022
Volume: 3
Pages: 1-10
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedro.2022.100165
Abstract: 
School reforms aiming at improving educational performance (quality), closing achievement gaps and reducing the impact of family background on performance (equity) have been on the agenda worldwide for three decades. These reforms converge in a common core which puts emphasis on school autonomy, free school choice, competition between schools, managerial school leadership, high teacher quality and test-based accountability of schools. We investigate how far these reforms have been associated with improvements in quality and equity in two countries following their own developmental path: the United Kingdom and Germany. Despite all insights provided by the existing literature, we still do not sufficiently know how far the application of governance tools following the global reform agenda does make a difference between schools. For closing this research gap, we conduct multi-level linear regression analyses to test the association of governance tools of the reform agenda with individual student performance and achievement gaps based on family background. We make use of data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and look at the test years 2000, 2009 and 2015 to see how far there has been improvement over time along with advancing reforms. The results show that the reforms have failed so far.
GND Keywords: Großbritannien; Deutschland; Schulreform; Schulbildung; Quantität; Qualität; Geschichte 2000-2015
Keywords: Autonomy, Leadership, Accountability, Quality, Equity, Governance
DDC Classification: 370 Education  
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology  
RVK Classification: MS 7100   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/53928
Release Date: 7. June 2022