How the Linguistic Styles of Donald Trump and Joe Biden Reflect Different Forms of Power





Faculty/Professorship: Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Author(s): Körner, Robert  ; Overbeck, Jennifer R.; Körner, Erik; Schütz, Astrid  
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2022
Issue: Online First
Pages: 1-28
Source/Other editions: Journal of Language and Social Psychology. (2022), S. 1-28. - ISSN: 1552-6526, 0261-927X.
is version of: 10.1177/0261927X221085309
Year of first publication: 2022
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY-NC - Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International 
DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221085309
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-537717
Abstract: 
Can theories of power be used to explain differences in the linguistic styles of Donald Trump and Joe Biden? We argue that the two candidates possess and use different forms of power—and that this is associated with typical language patterns. Based on their personal history, news reports, and empirical studies, we expect that Trump’s approach to power is characterized by coercive power forms and Biden’s by collaborative power forms. Using several LIWC categories and the moral foundations dictionary, we analyzed over 500 speeches and 15,000 tweets made during the 2020 election battle. Biden’s speeches can be described as analytical and frequently relating to moral values, whereas Trump’s speeches were characterized by a positive emotional tone. In tweets, Biden used more social words and words related to virtue, honesty, and achievement than Trump did. Trump’s coercive power and Biden’s collaborative power were more observable in tweets than speeches, which may reflect the fact that tweets are more spontaneous than speeches.
GND Keywords: Persönlichkeitspsychologie; Linguistik; Sprachstil; Dominanz; Macht
Keywords: power, dominance, prestige, LIWC, Trump, Biden
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CR 7000   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/53771
Release Date: 5. May 2022

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