The European Parliament after the 2019 Elections : Testing the Boundaries of the 'Cordon Sanitaire'

Faculty/Professorship: European Integration  
Author(s): Ripoll Servent, Ariadna  
Title of the Journal: Journal of Contemporary European Research
ISSN: 1815-347X
Corporate Body: UACES
Publisher Information: London
Year of publication: 2019
Volume: 15
Issue: 4
Pages: 331-342
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.30950/jcer.v15i4.1121
The European elections of May 2019 have been labelled ‘a fateful election for Europe’. Although the
outcome was disappointing for Eurosceptic and populist forces, polarisation and politicisation will
make life in the ninth (2019-2024) European Parliament (EP) more complicated. The article shows that,
while the EP might not be more Eurosceptic after the elections, it is certainly more complicated. First,
hard Eurosceptics became the fifth political force in the EP, falling just behind the Greens, which is
likely to give them a stronger voice and more leeway in parliamentary life. Second, polarisation makes
it more difficult to build stable coalitions, which has a direct impact on the EP’s chances to be effective
in inter-institutional negotiations. Third, although mainstream parties continue to use the ‘cordon
sanitaire’ to exclude those deemed ‘undesirable’, with the increase of populist forces inside
mainstream groups, it has become more difficult to define who belongs to this group. Finally, it
considers the implications of polarisation for the role of the EP within the broader political system of
the EU, especially now that it has ceased to be a phenomenon unique to Parliament. Polarisation poses
a major challenge for the future life of the European Union and prompts us to think in terms of partisan
alliances across EU institutions rather than see institutions as monolithic black boxes.
GND Keywords: Europäisches Parlament; Euroskeptizismus; Populismus; Europawahl; Geschichte 2019
Keywords: European Parliament, elections, euroscepticism, populism, European Union
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MK 5110   
Type: Article
Release Date: 4. March 2022