Cross-sectional association between active commuting and perceived commuting stress in Austrian adults : Results from the HOTway study





Faculty/Professorship: Pathopsychology  
Author(s): Sattler, Matteo C.; Färber, Tanja  ; Traußnig, Katharina; Köberl, Gottfried; Paier, Christoph; Dietz, Pavel; Poppel, Mireille N.M. van
Title of the Journal: Mental Health and Physical Activity
ISSN: 1755-2966
Publisher Information: Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier
Year of publication: 2020
Volume: 19
Issue: 100356
Pages: 7
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1016/j.mhpa.2020.100356
Abstract: 
Objective

Little is known about the acute psychological stress responses caused by commuting. Evidence for the benefits of active commuting (e.g., walking, cycling) is usually based on studies without measurements in free-living environments and without consideration of daily variations in stress. This study investigated the association between commuting mode (active, passive) and perceived commuting stress, assessed on multiple days immediately after commuting.

Methods

Adults participating in the cross-sectional ‘Healthy On The way’ (HOTway) study between 2016 and 2017 in Graz, Austria, were included. Participants completed an online survey and responded to statements about perceived stress (demands, tension) on three days before commuting (baseline stress) and after arrival (commuting stress), respectively. Active commuting was defined as cycling and/or walking (passive: car, motorbike, public transport).

Results

Of 188 participants (93 women, mean age: 28.0 ± 10.0 years) included, 124 were active and 64 were passive commuters. Active commuting was associated with less perceived commuting stress compared to passive commuting (bi = −2.95, 95% CI: −4.97 to −0.92, p = .005), even after controlling for subjective well-being, physical activity, commuting time and other confounding variables.

Conclusion

Active commuting is related to a small reduction in perceived commuting stress. The results of this study support the promotion of active commuting for population (mental) health but future studies on the causal mechanisms and the role of active commuting in the recovery from previous stressors are needed.
GND Keywords: Pendler; Berufspendler; Körperliche Aktivität; Stress
Keywords: Physical activity, Travel Commuting, Stress Work
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CP 3900   
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/53376
Release Date: 25. February 2022