A Comparison of Depression and Anxiety among University Students in Nine Countries during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Faculty/Professorship: Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Author(s): Ochnik, Dominika; Rogowska, Aleksandra M.; Kuśnierz, Cezary; Jakubiak, Monika; Schütz, Astrid  ; Held, Marco  ; Arzenšek, Ana; Benatov, Joy; Berger, Rony; Korchagina, Elena V.; Pavlova, Iuliia; Blažková, Ivana; Konečná, Zdeňka; Aslan, Imran; Çınar, Orhan; Cuero-Acosta, Yonni Angel; Wierzbik-Strońska, Magdalena
Title of the Journal: Journal of Clinical Medicine
ISSN: 2077-0383
Publisher Information: Basel : MDPI
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 10
Issue: 13
Pages: 1-22
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.3390/jcm10132882
The mental health of young adults, particularly students, is at high risk during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this studywas to examine differences inmental health between university students in nine countries during the pandemic. The study encompassed 2349 university students (69% female) from Colombia, the Czech Republic (Czechia), Germany, Israel, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Turkey, and Ukraine. Participants underwent the following tests: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Exposure to COVID-19 (EC-19), Perceived Impact of Coronavirus (PIC) on students’ well-being, PhysicalActivity (PA), andGeneral Self-ReportedHealth (GSRH). The one-wayANOVAshowed significant differences between countries. The highest depression and anxiety risk occurred in Turkey, the lowest depression in the Czech Republic and the lowest anxiety in Germany. The 2 independence test showed that EC-19, PIC, and GSRHwere associatedwith anxiety and depression inmost of the countries, whereas PA was associated in less than half of the countries. Logistic regression showed distinct risk factors for each country. Gender and EC-19 were the most frequent predictors of depression and anxiety across the countries. The role of gender and PA for depression and anxiety is not universal and depends on cross-cultural differences. Students’mental health should be addressed froma cross-cultural perspective.
GND Keywords: COVID-19; Depression; Angst
Keywords: mental health, COVID-19
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: YD 8600   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/53189
Release Date: 8. February 2022