Revisiting the Power to Forgive : A Dyadic Approach for Determining the Relations Between Power, Self-Esteem, and Forgiveness in Romantic Relationships

Faculty/Professorship: Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Author(s): Körner, Robert  ; Schütz, Astrid  ; Zverling, Erez; Sha'ked, Ami
Title of the Journal: Social psychological and personality science : SPPS
ISSN: 1948-5514, 1948-5506
Corporate Body: Association for Research in Personality (ARP)
Publisher Information: Thousand Oaks, Calif. : Sage
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 12
Pages: 1-12
Language(s): English
First Published December 14, 2021
DOI: 10.1177/19485506211056516
Power pervades interpersonal relationships and can impact relationship-related outcomes (e.g., forgiveness). Here, we expected a positive association between power and forgiveness in two studies involving German and Israeli couples (N = 149/174 couples). Actor–partner interdependence mediator models showed the expected positive associations of actor’s power with both actor’s forgiveness and partner’s forgiveness. Independent self-esteem partially mediated and interdependent self-esteem completely mediated the power–forgiveness link for actors. Also, high experienced power was associated with high self-esteem, which in turn was positively related to benevolence motivation and negatively related to revenge and avoidance motivation. The implications of these findings are relevant for couple’s therapy and advance our understanding of associations between power and relationship variables. Future research may distinguish between authentic and instrumental forgiveness and use experimental settings.
GND Keywords: Zwischenmenschliche Beziehung; Selbstwertgefühl; Verzeihung; Macht
Keywords: power, forgiveness, APIMeM, self-esteem, interdependent self-esteem
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CV 4500   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 23. February 2022