Relative education of recent refugees in Germany and the Middle East : Is selectivity reflected in migration and destination decisions?

Faculty/Professorship: Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi) 
Author(s): Welker, Jörg  
Title of the Journal: International Migration
ISSN: 1468-2435
Corporate Body: International Organization for Migration : IOM
Publisher Information: Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 60
Issue: 2
Pages: 65-80
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1111/imig.12853
In this paper, relative education profiles of recent refugees arriving to Germany from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan are described and compared to the profiles of Syrians in Jordan and Lebanon and of internally displaced Iraqis. Relative education describes a migrant's position in the educational distribution of the origin population. For recent refugees, relative education could be reflected in the decision of where to migrate: those who are relatively better educated may be more able to reach a distant destination. The empirical analyses use data from the project ‘ReGES – Refugees in the German Educational System’, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees, the Arab Barometer and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS). The findings suggest that on average, Syrians and Afghans in Germany and Syrians in Jordan are positively selected on education, while Syrians in Lebanon and internally displaced Iraqis appear slightly negatively selected. The findings for Iraqis in Germany show mixed evidence.
GND Keywords: Flüchtling; Bildungsniveau
Keywords: refugees, education, origin population, empirical analyses, selection
DDC Classification: 370 Education  
RVK Classification: DV 1000   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 16. November 2021
Project: Selektivität von Zuwanderern nach Westeuropa: Die Bedeutung des Herkunftskontexts