The Influence of Age, Gender, Health-Related Behaviors, and Other Factors on Occupationally Relevant Health Complaints of Singers

Faculty/Professorship: TRAc - Projects  
Author(s): Mathmann, Philipp; Konerding, Uwe ; Deuster, Dirk; Neumann, Katrin
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2021
Pages: 1-11
Source/Other editions: Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation (2021), S. 1-11. - ISSN: 0892-1997, 1557-8658
is version of: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2021.08.001
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.20378/irb-51706
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-517066
Objectives: Professional singers' careers are usually associated with health-relevant factors that they themselves may or may not be able to influence. We have therefore investigated the effect of modifiable health-related behaviors and non-modifiable factors on singers' occupational health.

Methods: In an explorative, questionnaire-based study, self-reported, occupationally relevant health complaints and behaviors, along with singer-specific characteristics, were surveyed from 349 professional singers and voice teachers (116 men, 233 women; age 18-73 years) and the influence of age, gender, duration of daily and lifelong singing, voice category, and health-related behaviors (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity) on occupationally relevant health complaints were analyzed using bi- and multivariate statistical methods.

Results: Singers reported less risky alcohol consumption (5.4% versus ≈15%) and smoking (15.5% versus 29.7%) than the general population, and too little physical activity was described in two thirds of both populations. After controlling for multiple testing, no effect was found for these behaviors, the time spent singing daily, gender, or voice categories on singers' complaints. Health complaints were significantly fewer for males (P < .001) and older women and were reported more frequently for higher-pitched male voices, a trend not found in females.

Conclusion: Singers seem to smoke and drink less than members of the general population. These factors did not affect their complaints. Female singers described more work-related health complaints than males, a finding that corresponds to women in the general population. Older singers reported fewer complaints than younger singers, possibly because of selection effects or older singers acquiring strategies to avoid health-damaging behavior.
GND Keywords: Sänger; Gesundheitsverhalten
Keywords: Age; Gender; Health; Occupational; Singers; Voice categories.
DDC Classification: 610 Medicine & health  
RVK Classification: MT 10800   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 2. December 2021

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