Does Weight-Cycling Influence Illness Beliefs in Obesity? : A Gender-Sensitive Approach

Faculty/Professorship: Pathopsychology  ; Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy  
Author(s): Prill, Svenja; Henning, Carmen  ; Schroeder, Stefanie ; Steins-Löber, Sabine  ; Wolstein, Jörg  
Title of the Journal: Journal of Obesity
ISSN: 2090-0708
Publisher Information: Cairo [u.a.] : Hindawi
Year of publication: 2021
Pages: 10
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1155/2021/8861386
Obesity is classified as a chronic disease. Women and men seem to face different obstacles in their attempts to overcome one of the most challenging tasks in the treatment of this disease, namely, weight reduction maintenance. The Common-Sense-Model (CSM) is mainly used to improve the understanding of self-regulation and health behaviour in chronic diseases but has yet to be explored for obesity. This paper applies the CSM to obesity, focussing on the construct of illness representations, which is the basis of health behaviour according to the CSM. A sample of n = 356 women and n = 77 men with obesity was investigated to assess the extent that illness representations in obesity are shaped by experiences of weight-cycling and the extent that gender influences their quality. Our results show that the representations of timeline and consequences as well as the emotional representation are particularly influenced by weight-cycling, especially in men. On average, women showed more maladaptive illness representations than men. These findings not only contribute to a better applicability of the CSM in obesity, but also emphasize the importance of gender in obesity research and interventions.
GND Keywords: Fettsucht; Therapieplan
Keywords: Obesity, weight reduction, The Common-Sense-Model (CSM)
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CU 3400   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 27. September 2021
Project: Gendersensible Erweiterung herkömmlicher Gewichtsreduktionsprogramme bei Übergewicht und Adipositas: eine personalisierte Smartphone-App
Intersectional Topic: Geschlechtersensible Forschung