Lexical Frequency and Frequency of Co-Occurrence Predict the Use of Embedded-Language Islands in Bilingual Speech : Adjective-Modified Nominal Constituents in Russian-German Code-Mixing





Faculty/Professorship: Slavic Linguistics  
Author(s): Hakimov, Nikolay  
Title of the Journal: Journal of language contact : evolution of languages, contact and discourse
ISSN: 1955-2629, 1877-4091
Publisher Information: Leiden : Brill
Year of publication: 2021
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Pages: 501-539
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1163/19552629-bja10028
URL: https://brill.com/view/journals/jlc/13/3/articl...
Abstract: 
This article explores the role of usage frequency in the structure of language mixing by the application of corpus-linguistic and statistical methods. The goal of the study is to reveal that the frequency of a lexical item and the frequency with which it occurs with other items account for its use in bilingual speech. To achieve this goal, I analyze German monolingual and German-Russian mixed adjective-modified nominal constituents in otherwise Russian discourse in a corpus of Russian-German bilingual speech collected from fluent bilinguals in Russian-speaking communities in Germany. My findings show that many of German nominal constituents, also called embedded-language islands, are recurrent A-N combinations. However, in the absence of sequential associations between the involved words, the adjectives may be realized in Russian or in German. In light of this evidence, I suggest two mechanisms underlying the production of embedded-language islands: retrieval of a multiword chunk and co-activation.
GND Keywords: Deutsch; Sprachkontakt; Wortstellung; Russisch
Keywords: code-mixing, embedded-language island, frequency, multiword chunk, co-activation, Russian, German
DDC Classification: 490 Other languages  
RVK Classification: KG 3710   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/51104
Release Date: 18. August 2021