Understanding the Motives for Terrorism—Does it Have an Effect on Psychological Reactions? A Replication and Extension

Faculty/Professorship: Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Author(s): Leder, Johannes ; Schlegel, Ronja; Schütz, Astrid  
Title of the Journal: Journal of interpersonal violence : concerned with the study and treatment of victims and perpetrators of physical and sexual violence
ISSN: 1552-6518, 0886-2605
Publisher Information: London : Sage
Year of publication: 2021
Pages: 1-36
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1177/08862605211025045
The collective communication model of terrorism (CCMT) proposes that understanding terrorists’ motives influences appraisal (threat perception and emotional well-being) and reaction to terrorism (intention to retaliate). Fischer et al. (2011) presented evidence from two experiments for the assumption that understanding motives of terrorism influences appraisal. The present preregistered experiment aimed to replicate their second experiment, validate the measures they used, and also test the second propostion of the CCMT. Ensuring sufficient power for multiple tests and the given effect size, we collected data from 188 participants. The findings by Fischer et al. (2011) were partly replicated, but the comparison of the original effect sizes and the effect sizes from the replication attempt does not provide convincing evidence for the hypothesis that understanding the motives for terrorism reduces the perceived threat or negative emotional impact of acts of terrorism. Correlations with other risk-perception measures call into question the validity of the items used to assess perceived threat. Results suggest that understanding the motives for terrorism may influence whether the targeted populations want to retaliate.
GND Keywords: Terrorismus
Keywords: terrorism, coping, conflict resolution
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MD 8920   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/50193
Release Date: 2. August 2021