Intermodal Priming of Cognitive Conflict? A Failed Replication of Mager et al. (2009)





Faculty/Professorship: Experimental Psychology: Cognition and Emotion  
Author(s): Wiswede, Daniel; Rüsseler, Jascha  
Title of the Journal: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
ISSN: 1662-5161
Corporate Body: Frontiers Research Foundation
Publisher Information: Lausanne : Frontiers Research Foundation
Year of publication: 2021
Pages: 1-7
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.680885
Abstract: 
Introduction: The present study was conducted to verify a promising experimental setup which demonstrated an inversed Stroop-effect (much faster responses for incongruent relative to congruent Stroop trials) following a mismatching tone. In the matching condition, which was an almost exact replication of the original study, participants were required to indicate whether word color and word meaning were matching, whereas in the response conflict condition, instruction was the same as in a classical Stroop task and required the participants to respond to the word color. As in the original study, each trial was preceded by a sine tone which was deviant in pitch in 20% of the trials.
Results: The main result was that the Stroop effect was not inversed after deviant tones, neither under the matching task instruction nor under the response conflict task instruction. The Stroop effect was unaffected by the previous “conceptual mismatch.”
Conclusion: The current study failed to replicate the astonishing concept of “conflict priming” reported in previous work and does not open the doors for a new window on sequences of conflicts. Nevertheless, the failed replication is valuable for future research, since it demonstrated that “Conflict Priming” as a facilitation of processing of conflict trials following deviant tones, is not an confirmed finding.
GND Keywords: Farb-Wort-Interferenz ; Replikation <Empirische Sozialforschung>
Keywords: priming, cognitive conflict, stroop-task, cognitive control, replication
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CP 4000   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/50034
Release Date: 2. August 2021