Expected Valence Predicts Choice in a Recurrent Decision Task





Professorship/Faculty: Experimental Psychology: Cognition and Emotion  
Authors: Jäger, Daniel  ; Boltzmann, Melanie; Rollnik, Jens D.; Rüsseler, Jascha  
Title of the Journal: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2021
Pages / Size: 1-13
Source/Other editions: Frontiers in neuroscience 14 (2020), Article 580970 published: 26 November 2020
Year of first publication: 2020
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.20378/irb-48977
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URL: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/48979
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-489770
Document Type: Article
Abstract: 
There is empirical evidence that expected yet not current affect predicts decisions.
However, common research designs in affective decision-making show consistent
methodological problems (e.g., conceptualization of different emotion concepts;
measuring only emotional valence, but not arousal). We developed a gambling task
that systematically varied learning experience, average feedback balance and feedback
consistency. In Experiment 1 we studied whether predecisional current affect or
expected affect predict recurrent gambling responses. Furthermore, we exploratively
examined how affective information is represented on a neuronal level in Experiment
2. Expected and current valence and arousal ratings as well as Blood Oxygen Level
Dependent (BOLD) responses were analyzed using a within-subject design. We used a
generalized mixed effect model to predict gambling responses with the different affect
variables. Results suggest a guiding function of expected valence for decisions. In the
anticipation period, we found activity in brain areas previously associated with valencegeneral
processing (e.g., anterior cingulate cortex, nucleus accumbens, thalamus)
mostly independent of contextual factors. These findings are discussed in the context of
the idea of a valence-general affective work-space, a goal-directed account of emotions,
and the hypothesis that current affect might be used to form expectations of future
outcomes. In conclusion, expected valence seems to be the best predictor of recurrent
decisions in gambling tasks.
SWD Keywords: Gefühl ; Entscheidung
Keywords: affect, decision, predecisional, expected valence, anticipation, goal-directed emotion, fMRI, Iowa Gambling Task
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology 
RVK Classification: CP 3200   CM 5500   
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/48977
Release Date: 11. January 2021

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