Get a taste of your leisure time : the relationship between leisure thoughts, pleasant anticipation, and work engagement

Faculty/Professorship: University of Bamberg  ; Work and Organisational Psychology  
Author(s): Seibel, Sebastian ; Volmer, Judith  ; Syrek, Christine
Title of the Journal: European journal of work and organizational psychology : the official journal of The European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology
ISSN: 1464-0643
Publisher Information: London : Taylor & Francis
Year of publication: 2020
Volume: 29
Pages: 1-55
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1080/1359432X.2020.1804875
During the working day, employees do not only think of their work but also occasionally of their upcoming leisure time. Accordingly, we introduce two constructs, namely thoughts of leisure time (ToLT) and thoughts of a planned leisure activity (ToPLA). We assumed that employees report more ToLT/ToPLA at the beginning and the end of the working day. We further hypothesized that employees with higher pleasant anticipation of a planned leisure activity generate more ToPLA. As leisure thoughts distract attention from work, we expected a negative relationship between ToLT/ToPLA and work engagement within one hour and across the working day. Regarding the subsequent hour, we assumed that when the leisure plan is positive/negative, the relationship between ToPLA and work engagement is positive/negative. We conducted an hourly online-survey across one working day (N = 89 employees, 438 measurement points). Our results revealed the expected time trend for ToLT/ToPLA and a positive relationship between pleasant anticipation and ToPLA. We further found negative relationships between ToPLA and work engagement (within one hour) and between ToLT and work engagement (across the day). Contrary to our expectations, for positive leisure plans, the relationship between ToPLA and work engagement in the subsequent hour was negative.
GND Keywords: Freizeitplanung ; Freizeitgestaltung ; Vorfreude ; Arbeitseifer ; Arbeitsleistung
Keywords: Leisure thoughts, pleasant anticipation, leisure time, work engagement, hourly measurement
DDC Classification: 150 Psychology  
RVK Classification: CW 2000   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 29. September 2020