António da Costa Peixoto’s "Obra nova de língua geral de Mina" (1731/1741) : A print- and online-edition of an unique historical document on the Ewe-Fon-legacy in Brazil

Faculty/Professorship: Romance Literary Studies: Hispanic Literatures  
Author(s): Märzhauser, Christina; Rodrigues-Moura, Enrique  
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2020
Pages: 1
Language(s): English
12. Juli 2018 – Dieses Poster wurde auch auf dem Mittelalterfest anlässich des 20-jährigen Bestehens des Zentrums für Mittelalterstudien (ZEMAS, Universität Bamberg) in der Aula der Universität Bamberg präsentiert.
11. Juni 2018 – Dieses Poster wurde weiters auf der International Annual Conference ACBLPE (Association of Portuguese- and Spanish-Lexified Creoles – Associação de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa e Espanhola) angenommen und präsentiert, Ziguinchor, Senegal, 11.-14. Juni 2018.
DOI: 10.20378/irb-48617
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-irb-486174
A critical edition of the original documents of António da Costa Peixoto’s Obra nova de língua geral de Mina, based on two handwritten originals, a shorter version from 1731 (BNP, Lisbon, 3052, F. 2355) and an extended version from 1741 (BPE, Évora, CXVI/1-14).
Peixoto’s glossary documents a variety of Ewe-Fon (Gbe sub-group of Kwa language family) spoken by slaves in the Brazilian gold mining town of Vila Rica in the 18th century. Peixoto called this variety língua geral de Mina. Presumably, it was a koiné version of Ewe-Fon varieties functioning as a local (resistance) vernacular among Africans in Brazil. The entries in Peixoto’s glossary have already been linked to modern Fon (Castro 2002) and will be compared to modern Ewe in the project. The glossary is one of only two known historical documents bearing witness to the vitality of an African language during colonial rule and slavery. As a unique source on 18th century Ewe-Fon varieties spoken in the African diaspora of slave communities in Brazil, it is an unparalleled and immensely valuable source document for comparative and diachronic linguistic research.
GND Keywords: Minas Gerais ; Mundart ; Kwa-Sprachen ; Quelle
Keywords: Antonio da Costa Peixoto; língua Gbe (Kwa); Minas Gerais: Ciclo do Ouro
DDC Classification: 460 Spanish & Portuguese languages  
RVK Classification: IR 2791   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Conferenceobject
Release Date: 25. September 2020

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