Leader-member exchange as a moderator of the job characteristics – well-being relationship : a daily diary study considering same day and next day effects
Pötz, Lennart (2020): „Leader-member exchange as a moderator of the job characteristics – well-being relationship : a daily diary study considering same day and next day effects“. Bamberg: Otto-Friedrich-Universität.
Year of publication:
Masterarbeit, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, 2020
Job characteristics play an essential role for the well-being of employees. Especially in situations when job characteristics cannot be changed, leader behavior becomes relevant in order to weaken negative consequences. In a daily diary study over ten consecutive working days with 112 scientific employees, it was assumed that leader-member exchange (LMX) attenuates the negative consequences of low job control and high time pressure on well-being (job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion). Additionally, it was assumed that the relationships of job characteristics, well-being and LMX cannot only be found within one day but also delayed on the next day. Findings from hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) demonstrated that on the day-level higher perceived levels of job control in the morning were associated with higher perceived job satisfaction and lower perceived emotional exhaustion in the afternoon. High perceived day-level time pressure in the morning was negatively related to perceived day-level afternoon job satisfaction and positively to perceived day-level afternoon emotional exhaustion. Within one day, perceived LMX moderated the relationship between perceived job control and perceived job satisfaction. There was no evidence for the hypothesized lagged effects on the next day. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings as well as strengths and limitations of the study will be discussed.
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job characteristics; well-being; leader-member exchange; conservation of resources theory; lagged effects
August 13, 2020