How Do We Perceive “Aliens”? : About the Implicit Processes Underlying the Perception of People With Alien Paraphernalia

Faculty/Professorship: General Psychology and Methodology  
Author(s): Brandenstein, Nils; Gebauer, Fabian; Carbon, Claus-Christian  
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2019
Pages: 10
Source/Other editions: Frontiers in psychology, 10 (2019), 10 S. - ISSN: 1664-1078
is version of: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01551
Year of first publication: 2019
Language(s): English
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
People often draw trait assessments of unfamiliar persons on the basis of minimal visual information like facial features. Most studies focus on explicit person evaluations, even though automatic processes of perception are the underlying basis. Furthermore, previous experiments on automatic processes only address very general levels of association. We conducted two experiments employing the multidimensional IAT (md-IAT) to examine automatic processes of perception in a more differentiated way, testing essential variables that are often used to characterize aliens. Results show that personality trait associations of people perceived and categorized as aliens (acquired solely through usage of paraphernalia) are not consistently negative in comparison to more familiar-looking people but might point to the core variables of xenophobic stereotypes (e.g., being aggressive, threatening, and untrustworthy). Proceeding in revealing such variables and testing them might help to understand the main cognito-emotive pattern behind xenophobia and help challenging and tackling stereotypes against aliens.
Keywords: perception, aliens, personality trait, social attitude, automatic processes
Type: Article
Release Date: 10. February 2020
In supplemented by: uniba/53160
Project: Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2012-2020

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