Multidimensional Self-Esteem: Factorial Invariance and Latent Mean Differences across Age and Gender

Professorship/Faculty: Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Faculty/Professorship: Psychology  ; Personality Psychology and Psychological Assessment  
Author(s): Wenzler, Michael P.; Rentzsch, Katrin ; Schütz, Astrid  
Corporate Body: 17th Conference on Personality, 2014, Lausanne, Schweiz.
Publisher Information: Bamberg : Otto-Friedrich-Universität
Year of publication: 2019
Pages: 1
Year of first publication: 2014
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.20378/irbo-25650
Licence: German Act on Copyright 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-opus4-256507
Previous research on the structure of adolescent self-esteem has produced somewhat inconsistent findings. In the current project, we examined the factorial structure of self-esteem in 661 adolescents (Mage = 14.2, SDage = 0.6) who provided self-ratings on the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale. After additionally assessing self-esteem in 348 adults (Mage = 39.5, SDage = 12.8), we investigated whether the structure of self-esteem is invariant across age and gender. Results from confirmatory factor analyses revealed that self-esteem can be described as a multidimensional, hierarchical construct that is invariant across the two age groups and gender. Testing for latent mean differences between females and males revealed that female participants showed significantly lower self-esteem in the domains of social, academic, emotional, and body-related self-esteem as compared to male participants. Findings are discussed with respect to the structure and level of self-esteem as well as practical implications.
Keywords: self-esteem, factorial invariance, latent mean differences, confirmatory factor analysis
Document Type: Conferenceobject
Release Date: 2. December 2019

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