Challenged Elites - Elites as Challengers: Towards a Unified Theory of Representative Elites

Faculty/Professorship: Faculty of Social Sciences, Economics and Business Administration 
Author(s): Best, Heinrich; Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula  
Alternative Title: Aktuelle Herausforderungen für etablierte Eliten - Neue Eliten als Herausforderer: Bausteine einer umfassenden Theorie repräsentativer Eliten
Title of the Journal: Historical Social Research
ISSN: 0172-6404
Corporate Body: GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences
Publisher Information: Köln : GESIS
Year of publication: 2018
Volume: 43
Issue: 4
Pages: 7-32
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.12759/hsr.43.2018.4.7-32
This HSR Special Issue assembles contributions on current topics of elite research. They deal in particular with the challenges globalization poses for the traditional linkages between citizens and their representatives and their impact on political legitimacy. We argue that these developments upset the balance between a broad elite consensus embracing universal values and citizens' fears that their representatives pay too little attention to their demands to fight the negative effects of globalization on the country. We develop a unified theory of representative elites by combining three theorems: The theorem of antagonistic cooperation, the principal-agent theorem and the challenge-response theorem. While the first explains how elite consensus ensures effective policy making, the second demands responsiveness to citizen demands, and the third implies that fundamental social and political changes produce strains for established intra-elite and elite-citizen relations.
GND Keywords: Politische Elite; Globalisierung; Repräsentation <Politik>; Populismus; Theorie
Keywords: Elite consensus, antagonistic cooperation, principal-agent theorem, elite responsivity, representation, globalization, challenge-response theorem, political protest
DDC Classification: 320 Political Science  
RVK Classification: MD 7480   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Release Date: 19. November 2019