Measurement of skills and achievement : A critical assessment of theoretical and methodological concepts

Faculty/Professorship: Developmental Psychology  ; Longitudinal Educational Research  
Author(s): Weinert, Sabine  ; Artelt, Cordula  
Title of the compilation: Research handbook on the sociology of education
Editors: Becker, Rolf
Publisher Information: Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar Publishing
Year of publication: 2019
Pages: 106-132
ISBN: 978-1-78811-041-9
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.4337/9781788110426
Measuring achievement and skills is fundamental in educational research and practice. The usefulness and interpretation of different measures depend on the goals of the assessment, the underlying theoretical account and its methodological implications, and the quality of the assessment itself. Preceded by an introduction, the present chapter first discusses general conceptual and terminological issues and challenges with a focus on the structure of cognitive and academic abilities and the implications for the measurement of skills and achievement. In the next section we present three different views on competencies as major achievements due to learning and instruction (competencies conceptualised from a functional literacy perspective; modelled with reference to cognitive structures and processes and with reference to subcomponents or qualifications) and draw some general conclusions with respect to the assessment and interpretation of these measures. In the last section we describe standards and modes of assessment, thereby differentiating between purposes of assessment, standards of test construction, and modes of assessment. Implications for (sociological) research are indicated.
Keywords: assessment, psychological tests, fluid and crystallised intelligence, primary and secondary knowledge, competence
Type: Contribution to an Articlecollection
Year of publication: 10. September 2019