Measurement of psychological adjustment to diabetes with the diabetes acceptance scale





Professorship/Faculty: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy  
Authors: Schmitt, Andreas; Reimer, Andre; Kulzer, Bernhard ; Icks, Andrea; Paust, Rainer; Roelver, Klaus-Martin; Kaltheuner, Matthias; Ehrmann, Dominic; Krichbaum, Michael; Haak, Thomas; Hermanns, Norbert
Title of the Journal: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
ISSN: 1056-8727
Publisher Information: Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier
Year of publication: 2018
Volume: 32
Issue: 4
Pages / Size: 384-392
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2018.01.005
URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/a...
Document Type: Article
Abstract: 
Aims

To develop a psychometric measure of diabetes acceptance.
Methods

An item pool was developed and pilot-tested using a sample of 220 people with diabetes; item selection resulted in the 20-item ‘Diabetes Acceptance Scale (DAS)’. 606 people with diabetes were then cross-sectionally assessed with the DAS to evaluate its reliability, validity and clinical utility; concurrent measurements included diabetes-related coping (FQCI), diabetes distress (PAID-5), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), quality of life (EQ-5D), self-management (DSMQ), glycaemic control (HbA1c) and complications.
Results

Internal reliability was high (Cronbach's α = 0.96). Factorial and criterion-related results supported validity. Higher diabetes acceptance scores correlated with more functional coping styles, lower distress and depression levels, higher treatment adherence, better glycaemic control and better quality of life (all P < .001). Persons with low diabetes acceptance (22% of the sample) were four times more likely to have HbA1c values over 9.0% (75 mmol/mol), two times more likely to be diagnosed with long-term complications and each over two times more likely to have had episodes of severe hypoglycaemia and ketoacidosis in the past year; the prevalence of major depression in this group was fivefold increased (all P < .05).
Conclusions

The DAS is a reliable and valid tool to measure diabetes acceptance. It may help identify patients with significant problems of accepting diabetes, a putative high-risk group in need of tailored care and Support.
Keywords: Diabetes integration, Illness acceptance, Psychological adjustment, Self and identity, Diabetes-related distress
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/46222
Release Date: 17. August 2019