Does EEG activity during painful stimulation mirror more closely the noxious stimulus intensity or the subjective pain sensation?

Faculty/Professorship: Experimental Psychology: Cognition and Emotion  ; Physiological Psychology  
Author(s): Bunk, Stefanie; Lautenbacher, Stefan ; Rüsseler, Jascha  ; Müller, Karin; Schultz, Jana; Kunz, Miriam
Title of the Journal: Somatosensory & motor research : SMR
ISSN: 0899-0220
Publisher Information: Abingdon : Taylor & Francis Group
Year of publication: 2018
Volume: 35
Issue: 3-4
Pages: 192-198
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1080/08990220.2018.1521790
Many researchers have tried to investigate pain by studying brain responses. One method used to investigate pain-related brain responses is continuous electroencephalography (EEG). The objective of the current study is to add on to our understanding of EEG responses during pain, by differentiation between EEG patterns indicative of (i) the noxious stimulus intensity and (ii) the subjective pain sensation.
EEG was recorded during the administration of tonic experimental pain, consisting of six minutes of contact heat applied to the leg via a thermode. Two stimuli above pain threshold, one at pain threshold and two non-painful stimuli were administered. Thirty-six healthy participants provided a subjective pain rating during thermal stimulation. Relative EEG power was calculated for the frequency bands alpha1, alpha2, beta1, beta2, delta, and theta.
Whereas EEG activity could not be predicted by stimulus intensity (except in one frequency band), subjective pain sensation could significantly predict differences in EEG activity in several frequency bands. An increase in the subjective pain sensation was associated with a decrease in alpha2, beta1, beta2 as well as in theta activity across the midline electrodes.
The subjective experience of pain seems to capture unique variance in EEG activity above and beyond what is captured by noxious stimulus intensity.
Keywords: pain, EEG
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Year of publication: 4. July 2019