When less time is preferred : an analysis of the conceptualization and measurement of overemployment

Faculty/Professorship: Human Resource Management and Organisational Behaviour  
Author(s): Hiemer, Julia; Andresen, Maike  
Title of the Journal: Time & Society
ISSN: 1461-7463
Publisher Information: London [u.a.] : Sage Publ.
Year of publication: 2019
Volume: 29
Issue: 1 ; First Published February 2, 2019
Pages: 74-102
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1177/0961463X18820736
Socioeconomic panel data indicate that numerous employees would prefer to work less, i.e. that they are overemployed. However, due to inconsistent definitions and divergent operationalizations of overemployment, integrating existing research results is challenging and implications for research and practice are difficult to draw. To advance research in this field, we present an analysis of the concept and measurement of overemployment. To analyze the concept, we proceed in two steps. In step 1, we present the range of overemployment definitions in the literature and systematize the similarities and differences in these previous conceptualizations with the aim of arriving at an adequate definition of “overemployment.” In step 2, in view of the partial overlap between existing definitions of overemployment and other concepts used in past research, we demarcate overemployment from related concepts, identify conceptual distinctions between overemployment and other concepts and explore connections between concepts. To analyze the measurement of overemployment, we look at the bandwidth of content, measurement levels and question wording in overemployment measures and discuss the consequences of the different measures used for the overemployment rates found. We then present a consistent approach towards conceptualizing and measuring overemployment which aids future research on overemployment and similar concepts.
Keywords: Over-employment, Over-work, Work hours mismatch, Work status incongruence, Working time
Peer Reviewed: Ja
Open Access Journal: Ja
Type: Article
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/45263
Year of publication: 11. February 2019
Project: Überbeschäftigung (Overemployment)