Historical development and contemporary usage of discourse structuring elements based on verba dicendi in Croatian

Faculty/Professorship: Slavic Linguistics  
Author(s): Birzer, Sandra  
Title of the compilation: Diachronic Slavonic Syntax : The Interplay between Internal Development, Language Contact and Metalinguistic Factors
Editors: Grkovic-Major, Jasmina; Hansen, Björn; Sonnenhauser, Barbara
Publisher Information: Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter - De Gruyter Mouton
Year of publication: 2018
Pages: 209-258
Edition: 1
ISBN: 978-3-11-053143-5
Series ; Volume: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM]
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1515/9783110531435-009
Modern Croatian features four functional domains which are marked
by constructions based on two non-finite forms of verba dicendi, namely the
adverbial participle govoreći ‘speaking’ and the past participle rečeno ‘said’:
a) stance-marking with the prototypical construction adv + non-finite verbum
dicendi (e.g. iskreno govoreći / rečeno ‘frankly speaking’);
b) contextualization with the prototypical construction govoreći / rečeno + adj.ins +
noun.ins (e.g. nogometnim žargonom rečeno ‘speaking (lit. said) in soccer
c) quotative indexing with the prototypical construction govoreći / rečeno +
noun.ins+ noun.gen (e.g. govoreći rječnikom sv. Pavla ‘lit. speaking in the
language of St. Paul’)
d) direct speech marking with the help of “plain” govoreći.

Only with the formant rečeno ‘said’ is the construction semi-productive, which
implies a crystallization of functions: “plain” govoreći seems to be developing
towards an exclusive marker of direct speech, whereas rečeno ‘said’ is turning
into the preferable formant for all the modified constructions that are associated
with discourse functions.
The diachronic part of the paper is concerned with the development of the four
constructions mentioned above and proposes an explanation for the current crys-
tallization of functions: firstly, the semantic structure of reći ‘say’ predisposes this
verb for discourse functions. Secondly, historical language contact with German
may have enhanced the rooting of discourse structuring constructions with rečeno
‘said’ in Croatian, as German also features a semi-productive construction based
on the past participle gesagt ‘said’ that serves discourse functions.
GND Keywords: Kroatisch; Verbum dicendi
Keywords: historical linguistics, morphosyntax, language contact, Croatian
DDC Classification: 490 Other languages  
RVK Classification: KV 1855     KV 2706   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Contribution to an Articlecollection
URI: https://fis.uni-bamberg.de/handle/uniba/44876
Year of publication: 30. November 2018