Settlement and Landscape History of the Northern Franconian Jura during the Bronze and Iron Ages

Faculty/Professorship: Digital Geoarchaelogy  ; Prehistoric and Ancient Archaeology  
Author(s): Kothieringer, Katja  ; Seregély, Timo ; Lambers, Karsten
Title of the Journal: Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt
ISSN: 0342-734X
Corporate Body: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz
Publisher Information: Mainz : Zentralmuseum
Year of publication: 2018
Volume: 48
Issue: 1
Pages: 57-69
Language(s): English
Although hillforts, ritual sites and burial mounds have been in existence in various regions, the German Central Uplands have largely been considered void of rural occupation during the Bronze and Iron Ages (approx. 2100-30 BC). The presence of these sites, combined with mounting evidence from geoarchives of human impact on the landscape since the Neolithic, has led us to investigate the settlement and landscape history of the Northern Franconian Jura in Bavaria as a model region for studying human activity in and impact on the German Central Uplands during the Metal Ages.
In this article, we present the first results of an interdisciplinary study of the Weismain river catchment undertaken since 2013. A combination of geoarchaeological and archaeological, on-site and off-site, field and lab investigations at both valley and plateau sites revealed evidence of human land use and settlement from the 16th century BC (Middle Bronze Age) onwards, with further emerging evidence of changing vegetation, land-use strategies and settlement preferences until the end of the Iron Age. While research is still ongoing, it may be concluded that in the study region, and possibly other parts of the German Central Uplands, land use had begun earlier and was more intense and varied than previously thought.
GND Keywords: Fränkische Alb ; Siedlung ; Archäologie ; Geschichte <2100 v.Chr - 30 v.Chr>
Keywords: Bronze Age, settlement archaeology, geoarchives, landscape archaeology
DDC Classification: 930 History of ancient world & archaeology  
RVK Classification: NF 2890   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Year of publication: 27. September 2018