Settlement and Landscape History of the Northern Franconian Jura during the Bronze and Iron Ages

Faculty/Professorship: Digital Geoarchaelogy  ; Prehistoric and Ancient Archaeology  
Author(s): Kothieringer, Katja  ; Seregély, Timo ; Lambers, Karsten
Publisher Information: Bamberg : opus
Year of publication: 2018
Pages: 16
Source/Other editions: Ursprünglich in: Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 48 (2018) 1, S. 57-69
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.20378/irbo-52885
Licence: Creative Commons - CC BY - Attribution 4.0 International 
URN: urn:nbn:de:bvb:473-opus4-528856
Although hillforts, ritual sites and burial mounds have been in existence in various regions, the German Central Uplands have largely been considered void of rural occupation during the Bronze and Iron Ages (approx. 2100-30 BC). The presence of these sites, combined with mounting evidence from geoarchives of human impact on the landscape since the Neolithic, has led us to investigate the settlement and landscape history of the Northern Franconian Jura in Bavaria as a model region for studying human activity in and impact on the German Central Uplands during the Metal Ages.
In this article, we present the first results of an interdisciplinary study of the Weismain river catchment undertaken since 2013. A combination of geoarchaeological and archaeological, on-site and off-site, field and lab investigations at both valley and plateau sites revealed evidence of human land use and settlement from the 16th century BC (Middle Bronze Age) onwards, with further emerging evidence of changing vegetation, land-use strategies and settlement preferences until the end of the Iron Age. While research is still ongoing, it may be concluded that in the study region, and possibly other parts of the German Central Uplands, land use had begun earlier and was more intense and varied than previously thought.
GND Keywords: Fränkische Alb; Siedlung; Archäologie; Geschichte 2100 v. Chr.-30 v. Chr.
Keywords: Bronze Age, settlement archaeology, geoarchives, landscape archaeology
DDC Classification: 930 History of ancient world & archaeology  
RVK Classification: NF 2890   
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Year of publication: 4. October 2018