Anti‐Communism, Communism, and Anti‐Interventionism in Narratives Surrounding the Student Massacre on Tlatelolco Square (Mexico, 1968)

Faculty/Professorship: Slavic Literary Studies  
Author(s): Kriza, Elisa  
Title of the Journal: Bulletin of Latin American research : the journal of the Society for Latin American Studies (SLAS)
ISSN: 1470-9856
Corporate Body: Society for Latin American Studies
Publisher Information: Oxford [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
Year of publication: 2018
Volume: 37
Issue: First published: 3 May 2018
Pages: 15 ; Online-Ressource
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1111/blar.12783
Shortly before the Mexico Olympics, on 2 October 1968, student demonstrators were shot by the military on Tlatelolco Square in Mexico City, thus ending the local student movement and its mass protests. This paper explores the government's use of anti‐communism to ideologically justify this massacre in the context of the Cold War. The student movement was presented as a foreign, communist intervention that threatened Mexico's sovereignty. The paper analyses the weaknesses and contradictions of this official narrative by contrasting public and confidential reports. Finally, the marginal role of communism in the movement and its internal divisions are also outlined.
Keywords: 1968, anti-communism, Mexico, student movement, Tlatelolco Massacre, Studentenbewegung, Mexiko, 1968, Tlatelolco-Massaker
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Year of publication: 8. May 2018