Audio-visual speech perception in adult readers with dyslexia: an fMRI study

Faculty/Professorship: Experimental Psychology: Cognition and Emotion  
Author(s): Rüsseler, Jascha  ; Ye, Zheng; Gerth, Ivonne; Szycik, Gregor; Münte, Thomas Frank
Title of the Journal: Brain Imaging and Behavior
ISSN: 1931-7557
Publisher Information: New York, NY [u.a.] : Springer
Year of publication: 2017
Issue: First Online: 13 March 2017
Pages: 12 ; Online-Ressource
Language(s): English
DOI: 10.1007/s11682-017-9694-y
Developmental dyslexia is a specific deficit in reading and spelling that often persists into adulthood. In the present study, we used slow event-related fMRI and independent component analysis to identify brain networks involved in perception of audio-visual speech in a group of adult readers with dyslexia (RD) and a group of fluent readers (FR). Participants saw a video of a female speaker saying a disyllabic word. In the congruent condition, audio and video input were identical whereas in the incongruent condition, the two inputs differed. Participants had to respond to occasionally occurring animal names. The independent components analysis (ICA) identified several components that were differently modulated in FR and RD. Two of these components including fusiform gyrus and occipital gyrus showed less activation in RD compared to FR possibly indicating a deficit to extract face information that is needed to integrate auditory and visual information in natural speech perception. A further component centered on the superior temporal sulcus (STS) also exhibited less activation in RD compared to FR. This finding is corroborated in the univariate analysis that shows less activation in STS for RD compared to FR. These findings suggest a general impairment in recruitment of audiovisual processing areas in dyslexia during the perception of natural speech.
Peer Reviewed: Ja
International Distribution: Ja
Type: Article
Year of publication: 16. January 2018